Wednesday, November 08, 2006

The Human Dynamics of Injury Prevention Part 1 From BehaviorBased to PeopleBased Safety

Principles of injury prevention ...

"Behavior modification ... safety management ... attitude adjustment ... behavior-based safety ... culture change ... cognitive alignment ... person-based safety ... human engineering ... social influence. These are all terms used to address the human dynamics of injury prevention. Each can be linked to a set of principles, procedures or a consultant's service and each defines a particular approach to managing the human side of occupational safety.

Each of these terms, and most of the accompanying materials, are insufficient. They are either too narrow and restricting, or too broad and nondirective. Some focus entirely on behavior change, while others attempt to address vague and unobservable aspects of other people - such as attitudes and thoughts. Still others hope to directly target culture change.

All of these approaches are well-intentioned, and none are entirely wrong. The human dynamics of an organization include behaviors, attitudes, cognitions and the context (or culture) in which these aspects of people occur. However, some approaches are too equivocal or ambiguous to be practical, while others may be practical but are not sufficiently comprehensive.

Principle 1: Start with Observable Behavior
Principle 2. Look for External and Internal Factors to Improve Behavior
Principle 3. Direct with Activators and Motivate with Consequences
Principle 4. Focus on Positive Consequences to Motivate Behavior
Principle 5. Apply the Scientific Method to Improve Intervention
Principle 6. Use Theory to Integrate Information
Principle 7. Consider the Internal Feelings and Attitudes of Others"    (Continued via Occupational Hazards)    [Ergonomics Resources]

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