Tuesday, July 24, 2007

Typing Style - Repetitive Injuries are NOT just about the Keyboard

The effect of typing style on RSI ...

"The goal of ergonomics is to reduce the force, repetitiveness or awkwardness of activities so that the body performs tasks most efficiently and with the least amount of stress. Many excellent resources are available that describe ergonomic modifications for the office environment. Because of this information, most people now have some general knowledge of the healthiest location for the keyboard and monitor. Less commonly known is that typing style can be the cause of injuries.

TYPING STYLES

In their book Repetitive Strain Injury: A Computer User’s Guide, Dr. Emil Pascarelli and Deborah Quilter describe a variety of typing techniques that can lead to painful symptoms and repetitive injuries (see book review). Even the best and most expensive ergonomic keyboard will not eliminate pain caused by the following typing methods.

Resters – Resters lean the base of the hand upon the desk or the wrist rest. This can be harmful for the following reasons: 1) It places point pressure against the carpal tunnel; 2) It isolates the small muscles of the hands and forces them to do the work of the larger shoulder and elbow muscles; and 3) It can promote wrist postures that are not neutral.

Leaners – Leaners type by placing their elbows on the desk or chair arms. This puts pressure on the ulnar nerve, the superficial nerve at the elbow.

Loungers – loungers slump in their chairs leading to compression of the spine and low back pain. Lounging also promotes forward head and rounded shoulder posture.

Clackers or Pounders – Pounders hit the keys with excessive force potentially leading to pain and tingling in the finger tips and finger joints."    (Continued via BellaOnline)    [Ergonomics Resources]

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