"Industrial ergonomics is not a new subject. In fact, it has been studied for more than 100 years. Here’s a brief look at significant milestones:
Physician Bernardino Ramazinni, the “father of occupational ergonomics,” writes about work-related complaints that he observes among cobblers and tailors in Padua, Italy.
The term “ergonomics” is first used by Wojciech Jastrzebowski, a Polish scientist.
Frederick W. Taylor publishes Scientific Management. The book summarizes his research on time and motion studies in steel mills and other industrial settings.
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth publish Applied Motion Study. The book explains how hand and arm patterns can be studied to change work habits and eliminate useless steps.
George Elton Mayo begins studying the assembly of telephone relays at Western Electric’s Hawthorne Works in Cicero, IL. The landmark human behavior research examines how fatigue, monotony and supervision affect productivity.
World War II prompts interest in human-machine interaction. Design concepts such as fitting the machine to the size of the operator and using logical control buttons evolve.
Hywel Murrell, a British scientist in charge of the Royal Navy’s motion study unit begins to popularize the term “ergonomics.”
The Ergonomics Research Society is founded in England.
Hywel Murrell creates the world’s first industrial ergonomics department at Tube Investment Ltd.
The German Society for Work Science is founded.
The first ergonomics film, “Fitting the Job to the Worker,” is produced by the British Productivity Council.
An international conference held in Zurich, Switzerland, focuses on the application of ergonomics in industry." (Continued via ASSEMBLY, Austin Weber) [Ergonomics Resources]